Rate of deaths by suicide (Number of deaths per 100,000 population)

Status

In 2021, there were 176 deaths by suicide reported to the Office of Vital Records (OVR) for Austin, Texas. When calculated as a rate, this value equates to approximately 18.2 deaths per 100,000 population. 
In comparison, the national rate of death by suicide for 2020 was 13.5 per 100,000 population.  In 2020, the state of Texas reported a death by suicide rate of 13.3 per 100,000.  Austin had a lower rate than Texas and than the U.S. overall.
Healthy People 2020 established the goal of having no more than 10.2 deaths by suicide per 100,000 population or a 10% decrease from the current measure.  For Austin, a 10% decrease from the 2019 measure would be no more that 13.8 deaths by suicide per 100,000 by 2023.  
Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals and objectives aimed to improve health promotion and disease prevention.  For more information on Healthy People 2020, visit https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020

Trending

The count of deaths by suicide in Austin, Texas has varied over a ten year period from 2010-2021.   However, the rate of death by suicide reported for 2021 is the highest value reported in the past ten years.  There was a 22% increase in the rate of death by suicide between 2018 and 2019. There was a 16.6% decrease in reported suicides from 2019-2020. However, from 2020 to 2021 there was a 40%  increase in the suicide rate going from 13 per 100,000  to 18.2 per 100,000. From 2010-2021, a total of 1,542 deaths by suicide were reported in within the city limits. 
Austin Public Health works in collaboration with the Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) which has a variety of objectives to improve the mental well-being of Travis County residents.  These objectives include strategies such as training providers on trauma informed care and enhancing provider knowledge and ease of making mental health referrals through the development of an online referral tool.  In addition, mental health and substance use disorder workers will be paired with existing mobile health outreach teams to connect more community members to the help they need.
Note: to see the underlying data for this chart, please select the "View Source Data" link to the left.

Additional Measure Insights

Due to small sample sizes among certain age groups/race/ethnicity categories, data has been combined for years 2018 -2021. When examining demographic factors in the context of death by suicide locally, the majority (77%) of deaths through 2018-2021 were male.  Men contribute to a higher number deaths by suicide across every examined age group for 2018-2021 data.  The 20-29 year age group had the highest suicide mortality (22% of the total deaths) followed closely by the 30-39 age group (21% of total deaths).  The majority of deaths by suicide in Austin are White (72%), the second highest racial prevalence is Hispanic deaths at 17% for 2018-2021.

Measure Details and Definition

1) Definition:  Death by suicide is considered injuring oneself with the intent to die.  The measure includes deaths in the City of Austin where suicide is listed as an underlying cause of death on the death certificate.
2) Calculation method: The data is reported in counts of deaths by suicide.  Rates are calculated by dividing the total count of deaths over a population estimate for the city and multiplying by 100,000.
3) Data Collection Process:  The Office of Vital Records (OVR) receives and reports birth and death records for the City of Austin.  Currently, the City of Austin boundaries include areas of Travis, Hays, and Williamson Counties.  City of Austin data on suicides represents a portion of data within all three counties but not these counties entirely. 
4) Measure Target Calculation:  Healthy People 2020 set the objective of no more than 10.2 deaths by suicide per 100,000 population or a 10% decrease from the current status.  Based off of 2019 data for Austin, a 10% decrease would be 13.8 deaths by suicide per 100,000 population.
5) Frequency Measure is Reported: Annually (Calendar Year)

Date page was last updated: December 2022