Part II (Quality of Life) Crime Rate per 1,000 Population
The Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) organizes crime into two types: Part I and Part II. Part I crimes include offenses such as murder, robbery, and theft. Part II crimes include offenses such as simple assault, drug offenses, driving under the influence (DUI), forgery, fraud, gambling, public-drunkenness, prostitution, vagrancy, and vandalism. Although law enforcement reporting typically concentrates on Part I offenses, Part II offenses contribute to overall quality of life for city of Austin residents and visitors.
The Part II crime rate is calculated for the current fiscal year by dividing the Part II crime count by a population factor (Austin full-purpose population 913,917 in 2016 divided by 1,000). For previous years, the Part II crime rate is calculated by dividing the Part II crime count for the calendar year by a population factor (US census population divided by 1,000). This allows for comparison between the Part II crime rate and the Part I crime rates (violent and property).
FY 2015-16 Results
In FY 2015-16, there were 84 crimes per 1,000 population, 22% lower than the anticipated estimate.
Assessment of Results
The FY 2015-16 result was a slight decrease from the previous fiscal year. Among the total Part II offenses, disorderly conduct was 24%, simple assault was 14%, vandalism and drug offenses were 10%, and driving while intoxicated (DWI) was 9% of the total.
Arrests of mentally-ill persons create a significant burden on the criminal justice and judicial systems. Overall, the department and the community benefit from finding alternative (non-arrest) methods of addressing a mentally-ill person’s behavior in certain cases. In FY 2015-16, APD changed its policy to allow officers to consider evaluation from the Mobile Crisis Outreach Team prior to arresting a mentally-ill person for a non-violent misdemeanor.
In FY 2015-16, the Police Activities League partnered with the Parks Department to begin an initiative to organize pop-up games with youth around Austin. Engaging with the community, particularly youth, through soccer, basketball, and kickball builds trust within the community and can help reduce crime.
Inspired by homeless outreach teams in Houston, during FY 2015-16 APD partnered with Austin-Travis County Integral Care, the Downtown Austin Community Court, and ATCEMS to pilot the Homeless Outreach Street Team (HOST). This team works downtown and around West Campus to link homeless people with resources. The long-term goal of the HOST Team is to reduce repeat encounters with the homeless population which can overwhelm emergency services in Austin. The HOST team initiative will continue on a pilot basis in FY 2016-17.
*Note: 2015 Restated from previous assessment to replace unofficial, fiscal year results with official, calendar year results.
For more information contact Brian Manley, Chief of Police (512) 974-5030.