City of Austin Performance Report 2015-16

The Incidence Rate Per 100,000 Population of Reported Cases of Measles, Pertussis, Mumps, and Rubella in Community Served

Measure Description
This measure shows the prevalence of illnesses in Travis County caused by four vaccine-preventable diseases: measles, mumps, rubella, and pertussis (whooping cough). This measure is important to track because these four contagious diseases pose a health risk to our community, especially children, and their prevalence can be greatly diminished by vaccinations.
Calculation Method
This measure calculates the number of cases of measles, mumps, rubella, and pertussis reported during a 12-month period per 100,000 population.  This information is tracked by the epidemiology unit in Austin Public Health.
FY 2015-16 Results
The target for this measure in FY 2015-16 was a rate of 28; the actual result was a rate of 10, an improvement over the both the target and the FY 2014-15 result of 15.
Assessment of Results
The incidence rate for measles, mumps, rubella, and pertussis has improved over the last two years. Measles, mumps, rubella, and pertussis are vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccine-preventable diseases cause unnecessary illness and hospitalizations. This measure coincides with the United States government’s Healthy People 2020 goal to increase immunization rates and reduce preventable diseases. Objectives related to this goal include: 1) reduce measles cases, 2) reduce mumps cases, 3) maintain elimination of rubella (U.S.-acquired cases), 4) reduce cases of pertussis among children under 1 year of age, and 5) reduce cases of pertussis among adolescents aged 11 to 18 years. Over the last two years, Austin Public Health has provided vaccinations for populations at higher risk of preventable diseases at locations such as homeless and women’s shelters, alcohol and drug rehab centers, and psychiatric emergency services, under a special program using federal funds. Working with partners and our STD clinic, the program provided 12,207 vaccinations to 5,784 clients over a two-year period. In addition, Austin Public Health administered 24,312 immunizations to uninsured children and adults at the City’s Immunizations Clinics.
Next Steps
Maintaining the public health infrastructure, which conducts disease surveillance and provides immunizations, is essential in the control of vaccine-preventable diseases.  Austin Public Health staff provide and coordinate activities to detect, control, and prevent vaccine-preventable diseases. To reduce the number of cases reported, Austin Public Health must maintain the capabilities to respond to new and emerging issues in the area of immunizations and detection, control, and prevention of all infectious diseases including measles, mumps, rubella, and pertussis. Austin Public Health will continue to work with residents and partnering organizations to increase the number of vaccinations in the community.
Contact Information
For more information contact Jeff Taylor, Manager, Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Unit, at (512) 972-5886.